Distribution of manganese and other biometals in flatiron mice

Biometals. 2016 Feb;29(1):147-55. doi: 10.1007/s10534-015-9904-2. Epub 2015 Dec 22.


Flatiron (ffe) mice display features of "ferroportin disease" or Type IV hereditary hemochromatosis. While it is known that both Fe and Mn metabolism are impaired in flatiron mice, the effects of ferroportin (Fpn) deficiency on physiological distribution of these and other biometals is unknown. We hypothesized that Fe, Mn, Zn and/or Cu distribution would be altered in ffe/+ compared to wild-type (+/+) mice. ICP-MS analysis showed that Mn, Zn and Cu levels were significantly reduced in femurs from ffe/+ mice. Bone deposits reflect metal accumulation, therefore these data indicate that Mn, Zn and Cu metabolism are affected by Fpn deficiency. The observations that muscle Cu, lung Mn, and kidney Cu and Zn levels were reduced in ffe/+ mice support the idea that metal metabolism is impaired. While all four biometals appeared to accumulate in brains of flatiron mice, significant gender effects were observed for Mn and Zn levels in male ffe/+ mice. Metals were higher in olfactory bulbs of ffe/+ mice regardless of gender. To further study brain metal distribution, (54)MnCl2 was administered by intravenous injection and total brain (54)Mn was measured over time. At 72 h, (54)Mn was significantly greater in brains of ffe/+ mice compared to +/+ mice while blood (54)Mn was cleared to the same levels by 24 h. Taken together, these results indicate that Fpn deficiency decreases Mn trafficking out of the brain, alters body Fe, Mn, Zn and Cu levels, and promotes metal accumulation in olfactory bulbs.

Keywords: Copper; Ferroportin; Flatiron mice; Iron; Manganese; Slc40a1; Zinc.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Brain / drug effects
  • Brain / metabolism
  • Cation Transport Proteins / deficiency*
  • Cation Transport Proteins / genetics
  • Cation Transport Proteins / metabolism
  • Copper / metabolism
  • Hemochromatosis / genetics
  • Hemochromatosis / metabolism*
  • Hemochromatosis / pathology
  • Humans
  • Ions / metabolism
  • Iron / metabolism*
  • Manganese / administration & dosage
  • Manganese / metabolism*
  • Mice
  • Trace Elements / metabolism
  • Zinc / metabolism


  • Cation Transport Proteins
  • Ions
  • Trace Elements
  • metal transporting protein 1
  • Manganese
  • Copper
  • Iron
  • Zinc

Supplementary concepts

  • Hemochromatosis, type 4