This study aimed to elucidate the impact of PTEN single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) on clinical outcomes for advanced lung adenocarcinoma (LAC) patients treated with platinum-based chemotherapy. Three functional SNPs (rs11202607 G>A, rs701848 A>G, and rs11202592 G>C) of PTEN gene were genotyped by using DNA from blood samples of 618 advanced LAC patients, and their relationships with clinical outcomes were analyzed. The carriers of homozygous mutant of rs701848 and rs11202592 polymorphisms revealed significantly worse overall survival (OS) than those with heterozygote or wild-type homozygote (18.83 vs. 21.47 vs. 24.37 months, P = 0.034 and 13.40 vs. 19.03 vs. 21.90 months, P = 0.025, respectively). Subgroup analysis revealed that this association was particularly significant in tumor-lymph-node metastasis (TNM) stage III patients. The objective response rates (ORR) and disease control rates (DCR) of patients with genotype AA, AG, and GG in PTEN rs701848 polymorphism were statistically different (24.1 vs 16.6 vs 12.2 %, P = 0.017 and 82.7 vs 76.0 vs 70.2 %, P = 0.029, respectively). Haplotype analysis revealed a protective effect of the haplotype G-A-A (in the order of rs11202592, rs701848, and rs11202607) on chemotherapy efficacy and survival. Taken together, PTEN polymorphisms may contribute to survival and chemotherapy efficacy of advanced LAC patients treated with platinum-based agents.
Keywords: Chemotherapy; Lung adenocarcinoma; PTEN; Platinum; Single nucleotide polymorphisms.