[Integrated Quality Management System (IQMS): a model for improving the quality of reproductive health care in rural Kenya]

Z Evid Fortbild Qual Gesundhwes. 2015;109(9-10):739-47. doi: 10.1016/j.zefq.2015.02.012. Epub 2015 Mar 21.
[Article in German]


Objectives: To develop a model aiming to improve the quality of services for reproductive health care in rural Kenya and designed to measure the quality of reproductive health services in such a way that allows these services to identify measures for improving their performance.

Methods: The Integrated Quality Management System (IQMS) was developed on the basis of a pre-existing and validated model for quality promotion, namely the European Practice Assessment (EPA). The methodology for quality assessment and feedback of assessment results to the service teams was adopted from the EPA model. Quality assessment methodology included data assessment through staff, patient surveys and service visitation. Quality is assessed by indicators, and so indicators had to be developed that were appropriate for assessing reproductive health care in rural Kenya. A search of the Kenyan and international literature was conducted to identify potential indicators. These were then rated for their relevance and clarity by a panel of Kenyan experts.

Results: 260 indicators were rated as relevant and assigned to 29 quality dimensions and 5 domains. The implementation of IQMS in ten facilities showed that IQMS is a feasible model for assessing the quality of reproductive health services in rural Kenya. IQMS enables these services to identify quality improvement targets and necessary improvement measures. Both strengths and limitations of IQMS will be discussed.

Keywords: Africa; Afrika; Entwicklungszusammenarbeit; Quality of care; Qualität der Gesundheitsversorgung; Qualitätsassessment; development cooperation; quality assessment; reproductive health care; reproduktive Gesundheit.

MeSH terms

  • Birth Rate
  • Delivery of Health Care, Integrated / organization & administration*
  • Delivery of Health Care, Integrated / standards*
  • Developing Countries*
  • Family Planning Services / organization & administration
  • Female
  • Health Plan Implementation / organization & administration
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Infant Mortality
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Kenya
  • Maternal Mortality
  • Models, Organizational*
  • Pregnancy
  • Quality Assurance, Health Care / organization & administration
  • Quality Improvement / organization & administration*
  • Quality Improvement / standards*
  • Quality Indicators, Health Care / organization & administration
  • Reproductive Health Services / organization & administration*
  • Reproductive Health Services / standards*
  • Rural Health Services / organization & administration*
  • Rural Health Services / standards*
  • Total Quality Management / organization & administration*
  • Total Quality Management / standards*