Resolvin D1 protects against inflammation in experimental acute pancreatitis and associated lung injury

Am J Physiol Gastrointest Liver Physiol. 2016 Mar 1;310(5):G303-9. doi: 10.1152/ajpgi.00355.2014. Epub 2015 Dec 23.


Acute pancreatitis is an inflammatory condition that may lead to multisystemic organ failure with considerable mortality. Recently, resolvin D1 (RvD1) as an endogenous anti-inflammatory lipid mediator has been confirmed to protect against many inflammatory diseases. This study was designed to investigate the effects of RvD1 in acute pancreatitis and associated lung injury. Acute pancreatitis varying from mild to severe was induced by cerulein or cerulein combined with LPS, respectively. Mice were pretreated with RvD1 at a dose of 300 ng/mouse 30 min before the first injection of cerulein. Severity of AP was assessed by biochemical markers and histology. Serum cytokines and myeloperoxidase (MPO) levels in pancreas and lung were determined for assessing the extent of inflammatory response. NF-κB activation was determined by Western blotting. The injection of cerulein or cerulein combined with LPS resulted in local injury in the pancreas and corresponding systemic inflammatory changes with pronounced severity in the cerulein and LPS group. Pretreated RvD1 significantly reduced the degree of amylase, lipase, TNF-α, and IL-6 serum levels; the MPO activities in the pancreas and the lungs; the pancreatic NF-κB activation; and the severity of pancreatic injury and associated lung injury, especially in the severe acute pancreatitis model. These results suggest that RvD1 is capable of improving injury of pancreas and lung and exerting anti-inflammatory effects through the inhibition of NF-κB activation in experimental acute pancreatitis, with more notable protective effect in severe acute pancreatitis. These findings indicate that RvD1 may constitute a novel therapeutic strategy in the management of severe acute pancreatitis.

Keywords: acute pancreatitis; inflammation; lung injury; nuclear factor-κB; resolvin D1.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Anti-Inflammatory Agents / metabolism
  • Anti-Inflammatory Agents / pharmacology
  • Ceruletide / pharmacology
  • Disease Models, Animal
  • Docosahexaenoic Acids* / metabolism
  • Docosahexaenoic Acids* / pharmacology
  • Gastrointestinal Agents / pharmacology
  • Inflammation* / drug therapy
  • Inflammation* / metabolism
  • Interleukin-6 / metabolism
  • Lung / metabolism
  • Lung / pathology
  • Lung Injury* / etiology
  • Lung Injury* / metabolism
  • Lung Injury* / pathology
  • Mice
  • Mice, Inbred C57BL
  • NF-kappa B / metabolism
  • Pancreas / metabolism
  • Pancreas / pathology
  • Pancreatitis, Acute Necrotizing* / complications
  • Pancreatitis, Acute Necrotizing* / metabolism
  • Pancreatitis, Acute Necrotizing* / pathology
  • Peroxidase / metabolism
  • Protective Agents / metabolism
  • Protective Agents / pharmacology
  • Signal Transduction / drug effects


  • Anti-Inflammatory Agents
  • Gastrointestinal Agents
  • Interleukin-6
  • NF-kappa B
  • Protective Agents
  • resolvin D1
  • Docosahexaenoic Acids
  • Ceruletide
  • Peroxidase