Fatal Liver Cyst Rupture Due to Anabolic Steroid Use: A Case Presentation

Am J Forensic Med Pathol. 2016 Mar;37(1):21-2. doi: 10.1097/PAF.0000000000000218.


Liver cysts are commonly found incidentally from imaging scans or at autopsy. These benign neoplasms vary in size and represent a heterogeneous group of disorders, for which the demographics, risk factors, apparent inciting event, clinical presentation, and outcome are varied. Complications that can develop from a liver cyst include development of spontaneous hemorrhage, infection, and/or obstruction. Although the etiology of liver cysts varies, fatal rupture of a hemorrhagic liver cyst due to anabolic steroid use is a rare occurrence. In fact, there are few reported cases in journal literature. We report a case of a fatal liver cyst rupture with resultant hemoperitoneum in the presence of anabolic steroid (stanozolol) use.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Anabolic Agents / administration & dosage
  • Anabolic Agents / adverse effects*
  • Anabolic Agents / blood
  • Cysts*
  • Fatal Outcome
  • Hemoperitoneum / etiology*
  • Humans
  • Liver / pathology
  • Liver Diseases*
  • Male
  • Rupture, Spontaneous / chemically induced
  • Stanozolol / administration & dosage
  • Stanozolol / adverse effects*
  • Stanozolol / blood
  • Young Adult


  • Anabolic Agents
  • Stanozolol