Soft Contact Lenses with Positive Spherical Aberration for Myopia Control

Optom Vis Sci. 2016 Apr;93(4):353-66. doi: 10.1097/OPX.0000000000000773.


Purpose: To determine whether soft contact lenses with positive spherical aberration (+SA) can slow myopia progression.

Methods: Eligible subjects (N = 127, primarily Asian) aged 8 to 11 years were randomized to wear either control (spherical design) or test (with +SA) soft daily disposable contact lenses for a minimum of 1 and up to 2 years (treatment phase). Subjects from the initial cohorts (N = 82) were then followed for an additional 1.5 years while wearing a marketed spherical daily disposable contact lens (withdrawal phase). Axial length and spherical equivalent cycloplegic autorefraction (SECAR) were measured at baseline and every 6 months in both phases.

Results: During the first year of treatment, lens type (test vs. control) had a statistically significant impact on axial elongation (p = 0.0409). Eyes wearing test lenses increased in length by 0.11 (65.3%) and 0.14 (38.6%) mm less than eyes wearing control soft lenses at 6 and 12 months, respectively (p < 0.05 at both time points). The principal control of axial elongation occurred during the first 6 months. Spherical equivalent cycloplegic autorefraction change from baseline was significantly less in the test cohort than the control cohort by 0.21D (54.0%) at 6 months (p < 0.05) but not at 12 months (0.14D, p > 0.05). Lens type was not overall a significant factor affecting refractive error change (p = 0.0677). After ceasing treatment, neither the rate of axial elongation nor change in SECAR was significantly different between the initial two cohorts.

Conclusions: The soft contact lens with +SA slowed axial growth of the eye, although this did not translate into a sustained statistically significant effect on SECAR. The majority of the treatment effect occurred in the initial 6 months of wear. No evidence of rebound effect was observed after ceasing treatment.

Publication types

  • Randomized Controlled Trial

MeSH terms

  • Axial Length, Eye
  • Child
  • Contact Lenses, Hydrophilic*
  • Double-Blind Method
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Myopia / diagnosis
  • Myopia / prevention & control*
  • Orthokeratologic Procedures*
  • Prospective Studies
  • Prosthesis Design*
  • Refraction, Ocular / physiology