Background: This phase 1, dose-finding study determined the safety, maximum tolerated dose (MTD)/recommended phase 2 dose (RP2D), antitumor activity, and molecular correlates of IPI-926, a Hedgehog pathway (HhP) inhibitor, combined with cetuximab in patients with relapsed/metastatic squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck.
Patients and methods: Cetuximab was given with a 400mg/m(2) loading dose followed by 250mg/m(2) weekly. IPI-926 was given daily starting two weeks after cetuximab initiation. A "3+3" study design was used. Prior therapy with cetuximab was allowed. Tumor biopsies occurred prior to cetuximab initiation, prior to IPI-926 initiation, and after treatment with both drugs.
Results: Nine patients were enrolled. The RP2D was 160mg, the same as the single-agent IPI-926 MTD. Among 9 treated, 8 evaluable patients, the best responses were 1 partial response (12.5%), 4 stable disease (50%), and 3 disease progressions (37.5%). The median progression free survival was 77days (95% confidence interval 39-156). Decreases in tumor size were seen in both cetuximab-naïve patients (one HPV-positive, one HPV-negative). The most frequent treatment-emergent adverse events were fatigue, muscle cramps, and rash. No DLTs were observed. Tumor shrinkage and progression free survival were associated with intra-tumoral ErbB and HhP gene expression down-regulation during therapy, supporting the preclinical hypothesis.
Conclusion: Treatment with IPI-926 and cetuximab yielded expected toxicities with signs of anti-tumor activity. Serial tumor biopsies were feasible and revealed proof-of-concept biomarkers.
Keywords: Cetuximab; Combination therapy; Head and neck squamous cell carcinoma; Hedgehog signaling pathway; Phase 1.
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