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Review
. 2016 Mar;32(3):289-95.
doi: 10.1016/j.nut.2015.09.001. Epub 2015 Sep 28.

Probiotics in Dermatologic Practice

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Review

Probiotics in Dermatologic Practice

Vanessa Fuchs-Tarlovsky et al. Nutrition. .

Abstract

Objective: Probiotics are live microorganisms that beneficially affect the host when administered in adequate amounts. They have an excellent safety profile. Probiotics have been used as immunomodulators in inflammatory skin conditions, such as atopic dermatitis. The aim of this study was to summarize the available evidence concerning the use of different strains of probiotics in dermatology practice.

Methods: We conducted a literature review of English and Spanish publications listed in standard databases (PubMed, Ovid, Google Scholar, Medline, and EBSCO), between 1994 and 2015 using the words "probiotics" and "dermatology." We found ∼70 studies containing these criteria and selected 42 in which probiotics were used for dermatologic purposes.

Results: We found enough evidence to recommend the use of probiotics in specific conditions in dermatology practice, especially in children with atopic dermatitis.

Conclusions: Further well-designed, large population based trials are needed to validate the use of probiotics in dermatology practice, including innovative therapies to rebuild skin barrier defects, protection against microbial colonization, and restoration of immunologic balance.

Keywords: Acne; Atopic dermatitis; Dermatology; Prebiotics; Probiotics; Synbiotics.

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