Constrained spheroids for prolonged hepatocyte culture

Biomaterials. 2016 Feb;80:106-120. doi: 10.1016/j.biomaterials.2015.11.036. Epub 2015 Dec 3.

Abstract

Liver-specific functions in primary hepatocytes can be maintained over extended duration in vitro using spheroid culture. However, the undesired loss of cells over time is still a major unaddressed problem, which consequently generates large variations in downstream assays such as drug screening. In static culture, the turbulence generated by medium change can cause spheroids to detach from the culture substrate. Under perfusion, the momentum generated by Stokes force similarly results in spheroid detachment. To overcome this problem, we developed a Constrained Spheroids (CS) culture system that immobilizes spheroids between a glass coverslip and an ultra-thin porous Parylene C membrane, both surface-modified with poly(ethylene glycol) and galactose ligands for optimum spheroid formation and maintenance. In this configuration, cell loss was minimized even when perfusion was introduced. When compared to the standard collagen sandwich model, hepatocytes cultured as CS under perfusion exhibited significantly enhanced hepatocyte functions such as urea secretion, and CYP1A1 and CYP3A2 metabolic activity. We propose the use of the CS culture as an improved culture platform to current hepatocyte spheroid-based culture systems.

Keywords: Drug testing; Hepatocytes; Liver; Perfusion; Spheroids.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Cell Culture Techniques / instrumentation*
  • Cell Polarity
  • Cell Survival
  • Cells, Cultured
  • Cytochrome P-450 CYP1A1 / metabolism
  • Cytochrome P-450 CYP1A2 / metabolism
  • Drug Evaluation, Preclinical / instrumentation
  • Equipment Design
  • Hepatocytes / cytology*
  • Hepatocytes / metabolism
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Membranes, Artificial
  • Perfusion / instrumentation
  • Polymers / chemistry
  • Rats
  • Rats, Wistar
  • Spheroids, Cellular / cytology*
  • Spheroids, Cellular / metabolism
  • Xylenes / chemistry

Substances

  • Membranes, Artificial
  • Polymers
  • Xylenes
  • parylene
  • Cytochrome P-450 CYP1A1
  • Cytochrome P-450 CYP1A2