Background: The Republic of Ireland has one of the highest reported incidences of cystic fibrosis (CF) in the world (1/1353) with an estimated carrier rate of 1/20. No cure exists, however there have been significant advances in available treatments. Newborn bloodspot screening (NBS) for CF was added to the NBS programme in Ireland in July 2011. Little is known about antenatal or postnatal women's knowledge about CF.
Methods: This was a cross-sectional study of 662 antenatal (≥36weeks gestation) and 480 postnatal women (post NBS). Women were asked to self-complete a questionnaire including 14 CF knowledge questions.
Results: Among the respondents significantly more postnatal than antenatal women were aware that CF is included on the NBS (81.8% vs 63.5%; p<0.001). 92.7% believe that there are health consequences to being a carrier and 33.6% believe there is a cure for CF. In the multivariate analysis, lower educational status (OR 2.13; 95% CI 1.31, 3.46) being an antenatal mother (OR 1.51; 95% CI 1.04, 2.18), having no family history of CF (OR 5.82; 95% CI 1.62, 20.90) were associated with poor CF knowledge, while increasing age was found to be protective against poor CF knowledge (OR 0.96; 95% CI 0.92, 0.99).
Conclusions: Results from this study provide a useful insight into women's preexisting knowledge about CF, which could be used to inform initial discussions with parents about their child's diagnosis.
Keywords: Cystic fibrosis; Maternal knowledge; Newborn bloodspot screening.
Copyright © 2015 European Cystic Fibrosis Society. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.