Prediction of visual field defects in newborn infants with perinatal arterial ischemic stroke using early MRI and DTI-based tractography of the optic radiation

Eur J Paediatr Neurol. 2016 Mar;20(2):309-318. doi: 10.1016/j.ejpn.2015.11.010. Epub 2015 Dec 8.

Abstract

Purpose: Visual field (VF) defects are common sequelae of perinatal arterial ischemic stroke (PAIS). The aim of this study was to investigate the predictive value of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) for VF defects following PAIS.

Methods: Nineteen infants with unilateral PAIS, who underwent conventional MRI (T1/T2) and DTI at three months of age and a VF examination later in life (median age 3.2 yrs) were included. Conventional T1-weighted MRI was used to assess asymmetry of the optic radiation (OR). DTI-based tractography of the bilateral OR was performed, and the average fractional anisotropy (FA), axial (λ1), radial (λ23) and mean diffusivity (MD) were extracted. Asymmetry of the OR on MRI and DTI was used as a predictor of VF defects using receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis.

Results: Of the 19 infants, nine had a normal VF, eight had a VF defect (six hemianopia and two quadrantanopia), and two had an inconclusive VF test. The presence or absence of a VF defect could be correctly predicted using conventional MRI assessment in the majority of the infants, with an area under the curve (AUC) of 0.90 (95% CI 0.66-0.99). Prediction based on DTI parameter asymmetry indices showed an AUC of 0.96 (95% CI 0.74-1.00), 0.78 (95% CI 0.52-0.94), 0.93 (95% CI 0.70-1.00) and 0.90 (95% CI 0.66-0.99) for FA, λ1, λ23 and MD, respectively.

Conclusions: VF defects following PAIS can be reliably predicted by assessment of asymmetry of the OR at three months on conventional MRI and DTI-based tractography with comparable predictive values. Conventional T1-weighted MRI can be used in clinical practice.

Keywords: DTI; MRI; Neonatal stroke; Newborn; Optic radiation; Visual field.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Anisotropy
  • Area Under Curve
  • Diffusion Tensor Imaging / methods
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Infant, Newborn, Diseases / diagnosis*
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging / methods*
  • Male
  • Predictive Value of Tests
  • ROC Curve
  • Stroke / complications*
  • Vision Disorders / diagnosis*
  • Vision Disorders / etiology*
  • Visual Fields