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Review
. Jan-Feb 2016;58(4):401-6.
doi: 10.1016/j.pcad.2015.12.002. Epub 2015 Dec 23.

Dietary Salt Restriction in Heart Failure: Where Is the Evidence?

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Review

Dietary Salt Restriction in Heart Failure: Where Is the Evidence?

James J DiNicolantonio et al. Prog Cardiovasc Dis. .

Abstract

Several dietary guidelines, health organizations and government policies recommend population-wide sodium restriction to prevent hypertension and related comorbidities like heart failure (HF). The current European Society of Cardiology and American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association Heart Failure guidelines recommend restricting sodium in HF patients. However, these recommendations are based on expert opinion (level C), leading to wide variability in application and lack of consensus among providers pertaining to dietary salt restriction. To evaluate the strength of current evidences to recommend dietary salt restriction among HF patients, we performed a comprehensive literature review and explored the safety and efficacy of such recommendations.

Keywords: Chloride; Heart failure; Hypertension; Salt; Sodium.

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