Effectiveness of Mindfulness-based interventions on physiological and psychological complications in adults with diabetes: A systematic review

J Health Psychol. 2017 Jul;22(8):965-983. doi: 10.1177/1359105315620293. Epub 2015 Dec 30.


This systematic review aimed to examine the effectiveness of Mindfulness-based interventions in reducing diabetes-related physiological and psychological symptoms in adults with types 1 and 2 diabetes. Five databases were systematically searched. A total of 11 studies satisfied the inclusion criteria. Mindfulness-based intervention effectiveness for physiological outcomes (glycaemic control and blood pressure) was mixed. Mindfulness-based interventions appear to have psychological benefits reducing depression, anxiety and distress symptoms across several studies. Studies' short-term follow-up periods may not allow sufficient time to observe physiological changes or illustrate Mindfulness-based interventions' potential long-term efficacy. More long-term studies that include a consistent, standardised set of outcome measures are required.

Keywords: diabetes; mindfulness; mindfulness-based cognitive therapy; mindfulness-based stress reduction; systematic review.

Publication types

  • Review
  • Systematic Review

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Diabetes Complications / physiopathology
  • Diabetes Complications / psychology
  • Diabetes Complications / therapy*
  • Diabetes Mellitus / physiopathology
  • Diabetes Mellitus / psychology
  • Diabetes Mellitus / therapy*
  • Humans
  • Mindfulness / methods*
  • Outcome Assessment, Health Care*