Regional gastrointestinal transit times in severe ulcerative colitis

Neurogastroenterol Motil. 2016 Feb;28(2):217-24. doi: 10.1111/nmo.12713. Epub 2016 Jan 4.


Background: Gastrointestinal (GI) dysmotility may present secondary to inflammatory bowel disease. The main aim of this study was to investigate GI motility in ulcerative colitis (UC) patients during severe disease activity.

Methods: Twenty patients with severe UC were studied with a novel telemetric capsule system (3D-Transit) designed for minimally invasive, ambulatory assessment of total and regional GI transit times. Ten patients were available for follow-up during remission. Data were compared to those of 20 healthy subjects (HS).

Key results: Total GI transit time was significantly longer in patients with severe UC (median 44.5 h [range 9.9-102.7 h]) than in HS (median 27.6 h [range 9.6-56.4 h]) (p = 0.032). Additionally, during severe UC, transit time was prolonged through the proximal colon (p = 0.003) and there were strong trends toward longer than normal small intestinal transit time (HS: median 4.9 h [range 3.4-8.3 h] vs severe UC patients: median 5.9 h [range 3.9-11.9 h]; p = 0.053) and colorectal transit times (HS: median 18.2 h [range 1.5-43.7] vs severe UC patients: median 34.9 h [range 0.4-90.9 h]; p = 0.056). Our data further indicate that total GI and colorectal transit times may be prolonged in UC during early remission.

Conclusions & inferences: Total GI transit times are significantly prolonged during severe UC.

Keywords: capsule; gastrointestinal motility; transit times; ulcerative colitis.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Capsule Endoscopy / methods
  • Colitis, Ulcerative*
  • Female
  • Gastroenterology / instrumentation
  • Gastroenterology / methods
  • Gastrointestinal Transit*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Telemetry / instrumentation
  • Telemetry / methods
  • Young Adult