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Randomized Controlled Trial
, 236, 136-141

Supplementary Guanfacine Hydrochloride as a Treatment of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder in Adults: A Double Blind, Placebo-Controlled Study

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Randomized Controlled Trial

Supplementary Guanfacine Hydrochloride as a Treatment of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder in Adults: A Double Blind, Placebo-Controlled Study

Max E Butterfield et al. Psychiatry Res.

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to examine the efficacy of an extended release guanfacine hydrochloride supplement relative to a placebo supplement in adults (19-62) with ADHD and a sub-optimal response to a stimulant-only treatment program. The study's primary outcome measures were the Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder Rating Scale and the Clinical Global Impression - Severity. Twenty-six adults who met criteria for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder and sub-optimal functioning were randomly assigned to supplement their existing psychostimulant treatment regimen with either a titrated dose (1-6mg) of extended release guanfacine hydrochloride or a matching placebo for a 10-week trial. The data were analyzed with standard mixed model analysis of variance procedures, and participants in both the investigational agent group and the placebo group showed statistically significant improvement in their symptoms and functioning over the course of the trial. The treatments did not differ in terms of their efficacy, safety, or tolerability. Although these results do suggest that both treatments were associated with clinical improvement, the possible impacts of socially desirable responding and regression to the mean on these results are discussed.

Trial registration: ClinicalTrials.gov NCT02141113.

Keywords: Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder; Guanfacine hydrochloride; Placebo effect; Regression to the mean.

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