Cryptococcal intraocular infection is a rare disease and is usually associated with generalized systemic disease in immunocompromised patients. The diagnosis may be difficult because of the rarity of this disease and its similarities to other uveitic entities. We describe a case of culture-positive cryptococcal iridociliary granuloma diagnosed by anterior chamber tap and fine-needle aspiration biopsy in a 60-year-old immunocompetent woman with acute granulomatous uveitis. She was treated successfully with systemic amphotericin B and fluconazole and intravitreal amphotericin B, with improvement in the inflammation and visual acuity and regression of the iridociliary granuloma. We review previously reported cases of intraocular cryptococcal infection. Cryptococcal iridociliary granuloma should be considered in the differential diagnosis of an atypical iridociliary mass associated with acute uveitis.
Keywords: cryptococcus; granuloma; inflammmation; irido ciliary; uvea.
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