Can prostatic arterial embolisation (PAE) reduce the volume of the peripheral zone? MRI evaluation of zonal anatomy and infarction after PAE

Eur Radiol. 2016 Oct;26(10):3466-73. doi: 10.1007/s00330-015-4177-2. Epub 2016 Jan 6.


Objectives: To assess the impact of prostatic arterial embolisation (PAE) on various prostate gland anatomical zones.

Methods: We retrospectively reviewed paired MRI scans obtained before and after PAE for 25 patients and evaluated changes in volumes of the median lobe (ML), central gland (CG), peripheral zone (PZ) and whole prostate gland (WPV) following PAE. We used manual segmentation to calculate volume on axial view T2-weighted images for ML, CG and WPV. We calculated PZ volume by subtracting CG volume from WPV. Enhanced phase on dynamic contrasted-enhanced MRI was used to evaluate the infarction areas after PAE. Clinical results of International Prostate Symptom Score and International Index of Erectile Function questionnaires and the urodynamic study were evaluated before and after PAE.

Results: Significant reductions in volume were observed after PAE for ML (26.2 % decrease), CG (18.8 %), PZ (16.4 %) and WPV (19.1 %; p < 0.001 for all these volumes). Patients with clinical failure had smaller volume reductions for WPV, ML and CG (all p < 0.05). Patients with significant CG infarction after PAE displayed larger WPV, ML and CG volume reductions (all p < 0.01).

Conclusions: PAE can significantly decrease WPV, ML, CG and PZ volumes, and poor clinical outcomes are associated with smaller volume reductions.

Key points: • The MRI segmentation method provides detailed comparisons of prostate volume change. • Prostatic arterial embolisation (PAE) decreased central gland and peripheral zone volumes. • Prostates with infarction after PAE showed larger decreases in volume. • A larger decrease in prostate volume is associated with clinical success.

Keywords: Anatomy, cross-sectional; Benign prostatic hyperplasia; Magnetic resonance imaging; Prostate; Therapeutic embolisation.

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Contrast Media
  • Embolization, Therapeutic / methods*
  • Humans
  • Image Enhancement
  • Infarction
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging / methods*
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Organ Size
  • Prostate / diagnostic imaging*
  • Prostate / pathology*
  • Prostatic Hyperplasia / diagnostic imaging
  • Prostatic Hyperplasia / pathology*
  • Prostatic Hyperplasia / therapy*
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Treatment Outcome


  • Contrast Media