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, 22 Suppl 1 (Suppl 1), 11
eCollection

Misconceptions About Ebola Seriously Affect the Prevention Efforts: KAP Related to Ebola Prevention and Treatment in Kouroussa Prefecture, Guinea

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Misconceptions About Ebola Seriously Affect the Prevention Efforts: KAP Related to Ebola Prevention and Treatment in Kouroussa Prefecture, Guinea

Benti Geleta Buli et al. Pan Afr Med J.

Abstract

Introduction: Guinea is the third hardest hit country in the region with 2,806 cases and 1,814 deaths as of January 11, 2015 after Sierra Leone and Liberia respectively. This KAP study was conducted in three sub-prefectures of Kouroussa in the Kankan region of Guinea from 15 December 2014 to 15 January 2015. It was conducted with the general objective of examining the knowledge, attitude and practice related to Ebola prevention and care among the public of Kouroussa Prefecture.

Methods: A cross-sectional study design was employed to collect quantitative data to examine knowledge, attitude and practice related to Ebola. Structured questionnaire was administered by trained data collectors who were supervised by doctors and epidemiologists from WHO and Africa Union. Data were collected from 358 individuals (93% response rate) and analyzed in STATA 13 while tables and graphs are used to display results.

Results: Over 96% of the respondents have ever heard about Ebola while only 76.2% believed the disease existed in Kouroussa. Avoiding physical contacts including hand shaking and contacts with body fluids, and early treatment of persons sick from Ebola were the two important prevention methods frequently mentioned (96.8% and 93.9%). Only 35.7% of respondents were found to have comprehensive knowledge about Ebola (composite of correctly accepting three methods of prevention (85%) and rejecting misconceptions (55.7%)).

Conclusion: The high level of knowledge about modes of transmission and prevention methods has not positively affected the level of comprehensive knowledge about Ebola. In contrast, the prevailing high level of misconceptions surrounding Ebola was found to be responsible for a low comprehensive knowledge.

Keywords: Ebola; comprehensive knowledge; misconception; prevention.

Figures

Figure 1
Figure 1
Summary of responses on causes of Ebola, Kouroussa, 2015
Figure 2
Figure 2
Percentages of misconceptions about transmission, prevention and treatment of Ebola, Kouroussa, 2015

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