Use of the VH6-1 gene segment to code for anti-interleukin-18 autoantibodies in multiple sclerosis

Immunogenetics. 2016 Apr;68(4):237-46. doi: 10.1007/s00251-015-0895-5. Epub 2016 Jan 7.

Abstract

We investigated whether levels and repertoires of anti-interleukin-18 (IL-18) autoantibodies (auto-Abs) differ in multiple sclerosis (MS) patients and healthy donors (HDs). IL-18 concentration in MS patients' sera was higher than in HD, but the level of anti-IL-18 auto-Abs was lower in MS patients. Correlation patterns of IL-18/anti-IL-18 auto-Abs system differed in HD and MS patients, so we have compared segment composition of the anti-IL-18 single-chain variable fragments (scFvs) selected from MS and naïve phage display libraries. Considerable differences between anti-IL-18 auto-Abs of these libraries were found. MS panel contained auto-Abs displaying both signs of "fetal" and somatically hypermutated repertoires. Naïve panel mainly contained the naïve antibodies. These variations from the norm are possible results of abnormal regulation of the repertoire perhaps determined by remodeling of the molecular mechanisms involved in the V(D)J recombination and/or abnormal selection by antigen in MS pathogenesis.

Keywords: Autoantibodies; Immunoglobulin genes; Interleukin (IL)-18; Multiple sclerosis; Phage display.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Antibodies, Anti-Idiotypic / blood
  • Antibodies, Anti-Idiotypic / immunology
  • Autoantibodies / genetics
  • Autoantibodies / immunology*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Interleukin-18 / blood
  • Interleukin-18 / genetics
  • Interleukin-18 / immunology*
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Multiple Sclerosis / blood
  • Multiple Sclerosis / immunology*
  • Multiple Sclerosis / pathology
  • Peptide Library
  • Single-Chain Antibodies / genetics
  • Single-Chain Antibodies / immunology*
  • V(D)J Recombination / genetics
  • V(D)J Recombination / immunology

Substances

  • Antibodies, Anti-Idiotypic
  • Autoantibodies
  • Interleukin-18
  • Peptide Library
  • Single-Chain Antibodies