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Review
. 2016 Apr;38:14-23.
doi: 10.1016/j.copbio.2015.12.005. Epub 2015 Dec 31.

Biodegradation of Brominated and Organophosphorus Flame Retardants

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Review

Biodegradation of Brominated and Organophosphorus Flame Retardants

Susanne L Waaijers et al. Curr Opin Biotechnol. .

Abstract

Brominated flame retardants account for about 21% of the total production of flame retardants and many of these have been identified as persistent, bioaccumulative and toxic. Nevertheless, debromination of these chemicals under anaerobic conditions is well established, although this can increase their toxicity. Consequently, the production and use of these chemicals has been restricted and alternative products have been developed. Many of these are brominated compounds and share some of the disadvantages of the chemicals they are meant to replace. Therefore, other, nonbrominated, flame retardants such as organophosphorus compounds are also being used in increasing quantities, despite the fact that knowledge of their biodegradation and environmental fate is often lacking.

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