Wide allelic heterogeneity with predominance of large IDS gene complex rearrangements in a sample of Mexican patients with Hunter syndrome

Clin Genet. 2016 May;89(5):574-83. doi: 10.1111/cge.12738. Epub 2016 Feb 9.

Abstract

Hunter syndrome or mucopolysaccharidosis type II (MPSII) is caused by pathogenic variants in the IDS gene. This is the first study that examines the mutational spectrum in 25 unrelated Mexican MPSII families. The responsible genotype was identified in 96% of the families (24/25) with 10 novel pathogenic variants: c.133G>C, c.1003C>T, c.1025A>C, c.463_464delinsCCGTATAGCTGG, c.754_767del, c.1132_1133del, c.1463del, c.508-1G>C, c.1006+1G>T and c.(-217_103del). Extensive IDS gene deletions were identified in four patients; using DNA microarray analysis two patients showed the loss of the entire AFF2 gene, and epilepsy developed in only one of them. Wide allelic heterogeneity was noted, with large gene alterations (e.g. IDS/IDSP1 gene inversions, partial to extensive IDS deletions, and one chimeric IDS-IDSP1 allele) that occurred at higher frequencies than previously reported (36% vs 18.9-29%). The frequency of carrier mothers (80%) is consistent with previous descriptions (>70%). Carrier assignment allowed molecular prenatal diagnoses. Notably, somatic and germline mosaicism was identified in one family, and two patients presented thrombocytopenic purpura and pancytopenia after idursulfase enzyme replacement treatment. Our findings suggest a wide allelic heterogeneity in Mexican MPSII patients; DNA microarray analysis contributes to further delineation of the resulting phenotype for IDS and neighboring loci deletions.

Keywords: AFF2 gene; DNA microarray; Mexican population; idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura; idursulfase; lysosomal storage disease; mucopolysaccharidosis type II; prenatal diagnosis; somatic and germline mosaicism.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Alleles
  • Base Sequence
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • DNA Mutational Analysis
  • Family Health
  • Female
  • Gene Rearrangement
  • Genetic Heterogeneity
  • Genetic Predisposition to Disease / genetics*
  • Genotype
  • Glycoproteins / genetics*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Mexico
  • Mucopolysaccharidosis II / genetics*
  • Mutation*
  • Pedigree
  • Phenotype

Substances

  • Glycoproteins
  • IDS protein, human