Antibody-drug conjugate (ADC) which delivers cytotoxic drugs specifically into targeted cells through internalization and lysosomal trafficking has emerged as an effective cancer therapy. We show that a bivalent biparatopic antibody targeting two non-overlapping epitopes on HER2 can induce HER2 receptor clustering, which in turn promotes robust internalization, lysosomal trafficking, and degradation. When conjugated with a tubulysin-based microtubule inhibitor, the biparatopic ADC demonstrates superior anti-tumor activity over ado-trastuzumab emtansine (T-DM1) in tumor models representing various patient subpopulations, including T-DM1 eligible, T-DM1 ineligible, and T-DM1 relapsed/refractory. Our findings indicate that this biparatopic ADC has promising potential as an effective therapy for metastatic breast cancer and a broader patient population may benefit from this unique HER2-targeting ADC.
Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.