A controlled trial to improve delivery of preventive care: physician or patient reminders?

J Gen Intern Med. Sep-Oct 1989;4(5):403-9. doi: 10.1007/BF02599691.

Abstract

Objective: To improve the delivery of preventive care in a medical clinic, a controlled trial was conducted of two interventions that were expected to influence delivery of preventive services differently, depending on level of initiative required of the physician or patient to complete a service.

Design: A prospective, controlled trial of five-months' duration.

Setting: A university hospital-based, general medical clinic.

Participants: Thirty-nine junior and senior medical residents who saw patients in stable clinic teams throughout the study.

Intervention: A computerized reminder system for physicians and a patient questionnaire and educational hand-out on preventive care.

Measurements and main results: Delivery of five of six audited preventive services improved significantly after the interventions were introduced. The computerized reminder alone increased completion rates of services that relied primarily on physician initiative; the questionnaire alone increased completion rate of the service that depended more on patient compliance as well as on some physician-dependent services. Both interventions used together were slightly less effective in improving performance of physician-dependent services than the computerized reminder used alone.

Conclusions: These interventions can improve the delivery of preventive care but they differ in their impacts on physician and patient behaviors. Overall, the computer reminder was the more effective intervention.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial
  • Comparative Study
  • Controlled Clinical Trial
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Ambulatory Care Information Systems
  • Appointments and Schedules*
  • Clinical Trials as Topic
  • Female
  • Health Promotion
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Outpatient Clinics, Hospital*
  • Philadelphia
  • Preventive Health Services / standards*
  • Surveys and Questionnaires