Background: In CF infants, normonatremic Na(+) depletion (NNaD), identified by fractional Na(+) excretion (FENa) values <0.5%, was recently linked to impaired growth. Our paper investigates the relationship between FENa and growth in CF children >2years.
Methods: FENa values were calculated in 35 CF and 24 control children, and tested for correlations with z-scores for weight, height and BMI.
Results: All CF children and controls had normal plasma Na(+) concentrations. A total of 25 of 35 (71.4%) CF patients had decreased FENa values <0.5% (group I). FENa results of 10 CF patients (group II) and 23/24 controls (group III) were normal. In Na(+)-depleted CF children, compared to normal controls, mean z-scores for weight (-0.18±0.87 vs +1.03±0.57, p<0.001), height (-0.06±0.89 vs +0.53±0.72, p=0.009) and BMI (-0.22±0.87 vs +1.00±1.06, p<0.001) were significantly reduced. Also, we found positive correlations between FENa values and z-scores for weight (r=0.521), height (r=0.292) and BMI (r=0.468), respectively.
Conclusion: NNaD may contribute to poor growth in CF.
Keywords: Cystic fibrosis; Fractional sodium excretion; Growth retardation; Normonatremic sodium depletion.
Copyright © 2016 European Cystic Fibrosis Society. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.