Heart of glass anchors Rasip1 at endothelial cell-cell junctions to support vascular integrity

Elife. 2016 Jan 19;5:e11394. doi: 10.7554/eLife.11394.

Abstract

Heart of Glass (HEG1), a transmembrane receptor, and Rasip1, an endothelial-specific Rap1-binding protein, are both essential for cardiovascular development. Here we performed a proteomic screen for novel HEG1 interactors and report that HEG1 binds directly to Rasip1. Rasip1 localizes to forming endothelial cell (EC) cell-cell junctions and silencing HEG1 prevents this localization. Conversely, mitochondria-targeted HEG1 relocalizes Rasip1 to mitochondria in cells. The Rasip1-binding site in HEG1 contains a 9 residue sequence, deletion of which abrogates HEG1's ability to recruit Rasip1. HEG1 binds to a central region of Rasip1 and deletion of this domain eliminates Rasip1's ability to bind HEG1, to translocate to EC junctions, to inhibit ROCK activity, and to maintain EC junctional integrity. These studies establish that the binding of HEG1 to Rasip1 mediates Rap1-dependent recruitment of Rasip1 to and stabilization of EC cell-cell junctions.

Keywords: Heart of Glass; Rap1; Rasip1; Rho Kinase; cell biology; developmental biology; endothelial cells; human; stem cells.

MeSH terms

  • Cell Line
  • Endothelial Cells / physiology*
  • Humans
  • Intercellular Junctions / physiology*
  • Intracellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins / metabolism*
  • Membrane Proteins / metabolism*
  • Protein Binding

Substances

  • HEG1 protein, human
  • Intracellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins
  • Membrane Proteins
  • RASIP1 protein, human