Canine tracheal collapse

J Small Anim Pract. 2016 Jan;57(1):9-17. doi: 10.1111/jsap.12436.


Tracheal collapse occurs most commonly in middle-aged, small breed dogs. Clinical signs are usually proportional to the degree of collapse, ranging from mild airway irritation and paroxysmal coughing to respiratory distress and dyspnoea. Diagnosis is made by documenting dynamic airway collapse with radiographs, bronchoscopy or fluoroscopy. Most dogs respond well to medical management and treatment of any concurrent comorbidities. Surgical intervention may need to be considered in dogs that do not respond or have respiratory compromise. A variety of surgical techniques have been reported although extraluminal ring prostheses or intraluminal stenting are the most commonly used. Both techniques have numerous potential complications and require specialised training and experience but are associated with good short- and long-term outcomes.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Dog Diseases / diagnosis*
  • Dog Diseases / surgery
  • Dogs
  • Dyspnea / etiology
  • Dyspnea / veterinary
  • Fluoroscopy / veterinary
  • Laryngoscopy / veterinary
  • Prostheses and Implants / veterinary
  • Prosthesis Implantation / veterinary
  • Tracheal Stenosis / diagnosis
  • Tracheal Stenosis / surgery
  • Tracheal Stenosis / veterinary*
  • Tracheostomy / veterinary