Skip to main page content
Access keys NCBI Homepage MyNCBI Homepage Main Content Main Navigation
Review
, 105 (1), 3-13

The Stroop Effect at 80: The Competition Between Stimulus Control and Cognitive Control

Affiliations
Review

The Stroop Effect at 80: The Competition Between Stimulus Control and Cognitive Control

David A Washburn. J Exp Anal Behav.

Abstract

For more than 80 years, researchers have examined the interference between automatic processing of stimuli, such as the meaning of color words, on performance of a controlled-processing task such as naming the color in which words are printed. The Stroop effect and its many variations provide an ideal test platform for examining the competition between stimulus control and cognitive control of attention, as reflected in behavior. The two experiments reported here show that rhesus monkeys, like human adults, show interference from incongruous stimulus conditions in a number-Stroop task, and that the monkeys may be particularly susceptible to influence from response strength and less able, relative to human adults, of using executive attention to minimize this interference.

Keywords: Stroop effect; automatic and controlled processing; cognitive control; comparative cognition; stimulus control.

Similar articles

See all similar articles

Cited by 7 PubMed Central articles

See all "Cited by" articles

Publication types

LinkOut - more resources

Feedback