Similar Spectral Power Densities Within the Schumann Resonance and a Large Population of Quantitative Electroencephalographic Profiles: Supportive Evidence for Koenig and Pobachenko

PLoS One. 2016 Jan 19;11(1):e0146595. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0146595. eCollection 2016.


In 1954 and 1960 Koenig and his colleagues described the remarkable similarities of spectral power density profiles and patterns between the earth-ionosphere resonance and human brain activity which also share magnitudes for both electric field (mV/m) and magnetic field (pT) components. In 2006 Pobachenko and colleagues reported real time coherence between variations in the Schumann and brain activity spectra within the 6-16 Hz band for a small sample. We examined the ratios of the average potential differences (~3 μV) obtained by whole brain quantitative electroencephalography (QEEG) between rostral-caudal and left-right (hemispheric) comparisons of 238 measurements from 184 individuals over a 3.5 year period. Spectral densities for the rostral-caudal axis revealed a powerful peak at 10.25 Hz while the left-right peak was 1.95 Hz with beat-differences of ~7.5 to 8 Hz. When global cerebral measures were employed, the first (7-8 Hz), second (13-14 Hz) and third (19-20 Hz) harmonics of the Schumann resonances were discernable in averaged QEEG profiles in some but not all participants. The intensity of the endogenous Schumann resonance was related to the 'best-of-fitness' of the traditional 4-class microstate model. Additional measurements demonstrated real-time coherence for durations approximating microstates in spectral power density variations between Schumann frequencies measured in Sudbury, Canada and Cumiana, Italy with the QEEGs of local subjects. Our results confirm the measurements reported by earlier researchers that demonstrated unexpected similarities in the spectral patterns and strengths of electromagnetic fields generated by the human brain and the earth-ionospheric cavity.

MeSH terms

  • Action Potentials / physiology
  • Adult
  • Brain / physiology*
  • Brain Mapping* / methods
  • Brain Mapping* / statistics & numerical data
  • Electroencephalography* / methods
  • Electroencephalography* / statistics & numerical data
  • Electromagnetic Fields*
  • Electromagnetic Phenomena
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging
  • Male
  • Young Adult

Associated data

  • figshare/10.6084/M9.FIGSHARE.1601010
  • figshare/10.6084/M9.FIGSHARE.1601011
  • figshare/10.6084/M9.FIGSHARE.1601012
  • figshare/10.6084/M9.FIGSHARE.1601014

Grant support

The authors have no support or funding to report.