Introduction: The aim of this study was to evaluate the potential association of single gene polymorphisms of manganese superoxide dismutase (MnSOD), glutathione peroxidase 1 (GPX1) and catalase (CAT) with clinical outcomes of acute kidney injury (AKI).
Materials and methods: Ninety AKI patients and 101 healthy volunteers were included in the study. Determination of MnSOD rs4880, GPX1 rs1050450 and CAT rs769217 polymorphisms was performed using real-time polymerase chain reaction amplification. The duration of hospitalization of AKI patients, dialysis and intensive care requirements, sepsis, oliguria and in-hospital mortality rates were assessed.
Results: The MnSOD, GPX1 and CAT genotypes and allele frequencies of AKI patients did not differ significantly from those of healthy controls. In patients with a T allele in the ninth exon of the CAT gene, intensive care requirements were greater than those of patients with the CC genotype (p = 0.04). In addition, sepsis and in-hospital mortality were observed significantly more frequently in patients with a T allele in the ninth exon of the CAT gene (p = 0.03). Logistic regression analysis determined that bearing a T allele was the primary determinant of intensive care requirements and in-hospital mortality, independent of patient age, gender, presence of diabetes and dialysis requirements (OR 6.10, 95% CI 1.34-27.81, p = 0.02 and OR 10.25, 95% CI 1.13-92.80, p = 0.04, respectively).
Conclusion: Among AKI patients in the Turkish population, hospital morbidity and mortality were found to be more frequent in patients bearing a T allele of the rs769217 polymorphism of the CAT gene.
Keywords: Acute kidney injury; catalase; gene polymorphism; glutathione peroxidase; manganese superoxide dismutase.