Reparative Inflammation Takes Charge of Tissue Regeneration

Nature. 2016 Jan 21;529(7586):307-15. doi: 10.1038/nature17039.

Abstract

Inflammation underlies many chronic and degenerative diseases, but it also mitigates infections, clears damaged cells and initiates tissue repair. Many of the mechanisms that link inflammation to damage repair and regeneration in mammals are conserved in lower organisms, indicating that it is an evolutionarily important process. Recent insights have shed light on the cellular and molecular processes through which conventional inflammatory cytokines and Wnt factors control mammalian tissue repair and regeneration. This is particularly important for regeneration in the gastrointestinal system, especially for intestine and liver tissues in which aberrant and deregulated repair results in severe pathologies.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Cytokines / physiology
  • Drosophila melanogaster / metabolism
  • Humans
  • Inflammation / metabolism*
  • Microbiota / physiology
  • Regeneration / physiology*
  • Signal Transduction
  • Therapeutics / methods
  • Wound Healing / physiology*

Substances

  • Cytokines