Purpose: To compare the diagnostic accuracy of conventional sector-based analysis with a method devised to detect the smallest localized neuroretinal rim and retinal nerve fiber layer thickness (RNFLT) damage.
Methods: One eye of 151 glaucoma patients and 83 healthy controls (median age and MD, 71.7 and 66.7 years, and -3.6 and -0.3 dB, respectively) was imaged with spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (OCT). Bruch's membrane opening-minimum rim width (BMO-MRW) and RNFLT were determined at 1° intervals and also averaged for each sector. A classification of glaucoma was made with sectoral analysis when the sectoral value was below the 1%, 5%, or 10% normative limit (from an independent normative dataset); and with total analysis when a given number of measurements was below the 1%, 5%, or 10% normative limit.
Results: With the 1% normative limit, BMO-MRW sectoral analysis yielded sensitivity of 87% and specificity of 92%; while at the same specificity (92%), total analysis yielded sensitivity of 88%. With RNFLT, sectoral analysis yielded sensitivity of 85% and specificity of 95%; while at the same specificity (95%), total analysis yielded sensitivity of 83%. The results for the 5% and 10% normative limits yielded lower specificity but higher sensitivity. In the whole glaucoma population, none of the sensitivity values of the sectoral and total analysis at the same specificities were statistically different.
Conclusions: The diagnostic accuracy of sectoral analysis was equivalent to total analysis. These results indicate that BMO-MRW and RNFLT defects were wide and deep enough for detection by conventional sectoral analysis.