[Implantable nerve stimulation for obstructive sleep apnea hypopnea syndrome]

Presse Med. 2016 Feb;45(2):183-92. doi: 10.1016/j.lpm.2015.11.008. Epub 2016 Jan 13.
[Article in French]


Obstructive sleep apnea hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS) is a common disorder that has been identified as a contributor to cardiovascular disease making it a major public health problem. Continuous positive airway pressure is the standard treatment but compliance is suboptimal. Mandibular advancement devices and surgery have limited indications, inconstant efficiency and potential irreversible side effects. Stimulation of the hypoglossal nerve, that innervates the genioglossus, a protrusor muscle of the tongue, is now a new treatment option for moderate and severe cases of OSAHS. Two types of stimulation are currently available: stimulation synchronous with inspiration and continuous stimulation. The indication of each type of stimulation and long-term effects still need to be assessed but the implantable nerve stimulation is a promising treatment for patients without a therapy solution so far.

Publication types

  • English Abstract

MeSH terms

  • Electric Stimulation Therapy* / methods
  • Humans
  • Hypoglossal Nerve
  • Implantable Neurostimulators*
  • Sleep Apnea, Obstructive / therapy*