Nordic walking in the second half of life

Aging Clin Exp Res. 2016 Dec;28(6):1035-1046. doi: 10.1007/s40520-016-0531-8. Epub 2016 Jan 23.


Objectives: The objective of this article is to review the literature regarding the effectiveness and safety of Nordic walking (NW) in therapeutic rehabilitation in patients of an advanced age.

Methods: Randomized studies comparing NW with different patterns of long-lasting physical rehabilitation in older adults (average age 65 years) were selected for the review. Studies were identified through a Medline database search covering the last 21 years.

Results: Seventy-four studies on this subject were identified, 37 of them fulfilled the required criteria and 27 of these were analyzed in this review.

Discussion: Nordic walking provides a safe and effective way to enhance physical activity in the elderly. It could also serve as a method of rehabilitation that improves fitness, the performance and the exercise capacity of aged persons with diseases associated with an advanced age: cardiovascular diseases due to atherosclerosis; metabolic syndrome without diabetes; early stage Parkinson's disease; chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and lowering depression in women with Sjögren's Syndrome.

Keywords: Atherosclerosis; Diseases of advanced age; Elderly; Metabolic syndrome; Parkinson’s disease; Physical rehabilitation.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Aging* / physiology
  • Aging* / psychology
  • Exercise / physiology
  • Exercise Therapy* / methods
  • Exercise Therapy* / psychology
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Metabolic Syndrome / rehabilitation*
  • Outcome Assessment, Health Care
  • Parkinson Disease / rehabilitation*
  • Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive / rehabilitation*
  • Quality of Life*
  • Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic
  • Walking* / physiology
  • Walking* / psychology