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. 2016 Mar;210:346-53.
doi: 10.1016/j.envpol.2016.01.025. Epub 2016 Jan 21.

Heavy Metals in PM2.5 and in Blood, and Children's Respiratory Symptoms and Asthma From an E-Waste Recycling Area

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Heavy Metals in PM2.5 and in Blood, and Children's Respiratory Symptoms and Asthma From an E-Waste Recycling Area

Xiang Zeng et al. Environ Pollut. .

Abstract

This study was to investigate the levels of heavy metals in PM2.5 and in blood, the prevalence of respiratory symptoms and asthma, and the related factors to them. Lead and cadmium in both PM2.5 and blood were significant higher in Guiyu (exposed area) than Haojiang (reference area) (p < 0.05), however, no significant difference was found for chromium and manganese in PM2.5 and in blood. The prevalence of cough, phlegm, dyspnea, and wheeze of children was higher in Guiyu compared to Haojiang (p < 0.05). No significant difference was found for the prevalence of asthma in children between Guiyu and Haojiang. Living in Guiyu was positively associated with blood lead (B = 0.196, p < 0.001), blood cadmium (B = 0.148, p < 0.05) and cough (OR, 2.37; 95% CI, 1.30-4.32; p < 0.01). Blood lead>5 μg/dL was significantly associated with asthma (OR, 9.50; 95% CI, 1.16-77.49). Higher blood chromium and blood manganese were associated with more cough and wheeze, respectively. Our data suggest that living in e-waste exposed area may lead to increased levels of heavy metals, and accelerated prevalence of respiratory symptoms and asthma.

Keywords: Asthma; E-waste; Heavy metals; PM(2.5); Preschool children; Respiratory symptoms.

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