Effectiveness of Telephone-Delivered Interventions Following Suicide Attempts: A Systematic Review

Arch Psychiatr Nurs. 2016 Feb;30(1):114-9. doi: 10.1016/j.apnu.2015.10.012. Epub 2015 Oct 28.


Aim: To evaluate efficacy of telephone-delivered interventions following suicide attempts.

Methods: Systematic review, meta-analysis, and narrative synthesis.

Results: Five papers evaluating telephone interventions were included. Three studies provided suicide attempters with telephone contact intervention, and two studies provided deliberate self-harm patients with crisis cards to help after discharge. Meta-analyses showed that telephone contact intervention did not significantly reduce further suicide attempts and completed suicides, and the crisis card did not significantly reduce further deliberate self-harm.

Conclusion: Telephone-delivered interventions have been suggested as an alternative to face-to-face psychotherapy, but their effectiveness in reducing the recurrence of suicide attempts is not supported.

Publication types

  • Meta-Analysis
  • Review
  • Systematic Review

MeSH terms

  • Humans
  • Psychotherapy, Brief / methods*
  • Self-Injurious Behavior / prevention & control*
  • Suicide, Attempted / prevention & control*
  • Telephone*