How to approach the pediatric flatfoot

World J Orthop. 2016 Jan 18;7(1):1-7. doi: 10.5312/wjo.v7.i1.1.


The most difficult aspect regarding treatment of the pediatric flatfoot is understanding who needs surgery, when it is necessary, and what procedure to be done. A thorough history, clinical examination, and imaging should be performed to guide the surgeon through an often complex treatment path. Surgical technique can be divided in three categories: Soft tissue, bony, and arthroereisis. This paper will describe the joint preserving techniques and their application to treat the pediatric flatfoot deformity.

Keywords: Arthroereisis; Flatfoot; Flexible; Pediatric; Pes planus; Planovalgus; Rigid.