A Mobile Sensing Approach for Regional Surveillance of Fugitive Methane Emissions in Oil and Gas Production

Environ Sci Technol. 2016 Mar 1;50(5):2487-97. doi: 10.1021/acs.est.5b05059. Epub 2016 Feb 9.

Abstract

This paper addresses the need for surveillance of fugitive methane emissions over broad geographical regions. Most existing techniques suffer from being either extensive (but qualitative) or quantitative (but intensive with poor scalability). A total of two novel advancements are made here. First, a recursive Bayesian method is presented for probabilistically characterizing fugitive point-sources from mobile sensor data. This approach is made possible by a new cross-plume integrated dispersion formulation that overcomes much of the need for time-averaging concentration data. The method is tested here against a limited data set of controlled methane release and shown to perform well. We then present an information-theoretic approach to plan the paths of the sensor-equipped vehicle, where the path is chosen so as to maximize expected reduction in integrated target source rate uncertainty in the region, subject to given starting and ending positions and prevailing meteorological conditions. The information-driven sensor path planning algorithm is tested and shown to provide robust results across a wide range of conditions. An overall system concept is presented for optionally piggybacking of these techniques onto normal industry maintenance operations using sensor-equipped work trucks.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Air Pollutants / analysis
  • Bayes Theorem
  • Environmental Monitoring / methods*
  • Methane / analysis*
  • Models, Theoretical
  • Motor Vehicles
  • North Carolina
  • Oil and Gas Fields
  • Oil and Gas Industry / methods*
  • Remote Sensing Technology / methods*

Substances

  • Air Pollutants
  • Methane