Integrated Magneto-Electrochemical Sensor for Exosome Analysis

ACS Nano. 2016 Feb 23;10(2):1802-9. doi: 10.1021/acsnano.5b07584. Epub 2016 Jan 28.


Extracellular vesicles, including exosomes, are nanoscale membrane particles that carry molecular information on parental cells. They are being pursued as biomarkers of cancers that are difficult to detect or serially follow. Here we present a compact sensor technology for rapid, on-site exosome screening. The sensor is based on an integrated magneto-electrochemical assay: exosomes are immunomagnetically captured from patient samples and profiled through electrochemical reaction. By combining magnetic enrichment and enzymatic amplification, the approach enables (i) highly sensitive, cell-specific exosome detection and (ii) sensor miniaturization and scale-up for high-throughput measurements. As a proof-of-concept, we implemented a portable, eight-channel device and applied it to screen extracellular vesicles in plasma samples from ovarian cancer patients. The sensor allowed for the simultaneous profiling of multiple protein markers within an hour, outperforming conventional methods in assay sensitivity and speed.

Keywords: cancer; diagnostics; electrochemical sensing; extracellular vesicles; point-of-care.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Cell Line, Tumor
  • Electrochemical Techniques / instrumentation*
  • Equipment Design
  • Exosomes / chemistry*
  • Humans
  • Magnets / chemistry*
  • Neoplasms / diagnosis
  • Point-of-Care Testing*