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Review
, 22 (3), 1172-8

Important Considerations When Contemplating Endoscopic Resection of Undifferentiated-Type Early Gastric Cancer

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Review

Important Considerations When Contemplating Endoscopic Resection of Undifferentiated-Type Early Gastric Cancer

Jie-Hyun Kim. World J Gastroenterol.

Abstract

Endoscopic resection (ER) of undifferentiated-type early gastric cancer (UD-EGC) has a lower curative resection (CR) rate than does ER of differentiated-type EGC (D-EGC). However, a low CR rate does not mean that it is unreasonable to schedule ER of UD-EGC. If ER is in fact curative, the long-term outcomes including survival rate are excellent. Quality of life is good because maximal stomach preservation is possible. However, UD-EGC and D-EGC differ histologically. Thus, when ER is contemplated to treat UD-EGC, a careful approach employing strict criteria is essential because the biology of UD-EGC and D-EGC differ.

Keywords: Early gastric cancer; Endoscopic resection; Lymph node metastasis; Undifferentiated.

Figures

Figure 1
Figure 1
Follow-up outcomes after endoscopic resection of undifferentiated-type early gastric cancer. The numbers in the boxes are the numbers of cases. CR: Curative resection; PDA: Poorly differentiated adenocarcinoma; SRC: Signet ring cell carcinoma; APC: Argon plasma coagulation; ER: Endoscopic resection. Taken with permission from Surg Endosc 2014; 28: 2627-2633[6].
Figure 2
Figure 2
Incorrect T staging: a case of undifferentiated-type early gastric cancer (EGC). A: Endoscopic image of an EGC showing a 10-mm-diameter depressed lesion in the posterior angle of the wall; B: Endoscopic ultrasonographic image showing a hypoechoic mucosal mass with an intact submucosal layer. A surgical specimen obtained upon radical subtotal gastrectomy confirmed that the EGC was confined to the submucosal layer. Taken with permission from Gastrointest Endosc 2007; 66: 901-908[35].
Figure 3
Figure 3
Clinical example of signet ring cell carcinoma exhibiting expansive intramucosal spread. A: An endoscopic image of early gastric cancer (EGC) showing a depressed lesion located in the posterior wall of the lower body. Endoscopically, the surrounding mucosa did not exhibit atrophy or intestinal metaplasia; B: Pathological findings after endoscopic resection (× 40). SRC tumor cells were superficially exposed in a mucosal region and were well-demarcated (arrow). Taken with permission from Gut Liver 2015; 9: 720-726[40].
Figure 4
Figure 4
Clinical example of the signet ring cell carcinoma associated with infiltrative intramucosal spread. A: An endoscopic image of an EGC, showing a flat lesion located in the lesser curvature of the lower body (circle). Endoscopically, the surrounding mucosa exhibited atrophic gastritis; B: After endoscopic resection, three of the lateral margins were positive (circle); C: Pathological findings after endoscopic resection (× 40). Signet ring cell carcinoma cells exhibited subepithelial spread. In other words, the lesion was of the infiltrative type (circle). Taken with permission from Gut Liver 2015; 9: 720-726[40].
Figure 5
Figure 5
Suggested decision algorithm for endoscopic resection of undifferentiated-type early gastric cancer. 1Biopsy of several peripheral regions may aid in the exact diagnosis of undifferentiated-type histology prior to ER; 2Histologically minimum lateral margins should be wider than 3 mm for curative resection after ER; 3Even when complete resection has been achieved, short-term follow-up endoscopy to detect undifferentiated histology after ER may help to evaluate the risk of residual tumor development. PDA: Poorly differentiated adenocarcinoma; SRC: Signet ring cell carcinoma; EUS: Endoscopic ultrasonography; ER: Endoscopic resection; UD-EGC: Undifferentiated-type early gastric cancer.

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