Anaplasmataceae-Specific PCR for Diagnosis and Therapeutic Guidance for Symptomatic Neoehrlichiosis in Immunocompetent Host

Emerg Infect Dis. 2016 Feb;22(2):281-4. doi: 10.3201/eid2202.141762.


Candidatus Neoehrlichia is increasingly being recognized worldwide as a tickborne pathogen. We report a case of symptomatic neoehrlichiosis in an immunocompetent Austria resident who had recently returned from travel in Tanzania. The use of Anaplasmataceae-specific PCR to determine the duration of antimicrobial therapy seems reasonable to avert recrudescence.

Keywords: Anaplasmataceae-specific PCR; Austria; Candidatus Neoehrlichia; bacteria; diagnosis; human; immunocompetent; imported; neoehrlichiosis; therapeutic guidance; tick-borne; tickborne; travel-associated.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Anaplasmataceae / genetics*
  • Anaplasmataceae Infections / diagnosis*
  • Anaplasmataceae Infections / drug therapy
  • Anaplasmataceae Infections / microbiology*
  • Anti-Bacterial Agents / therapeutic use
  • Austria
  • Female
  • Hospitalization
  • Humans
  • Polymerase Chain Reaction
  • RNA, Ribosomal, 16S
  • Tanzania
  • Travel
  • Treatment Outcome


  • Anti-Bacterial Agents
  • RNA, Ribosomal, 16S