Ebola and Its Control in Liberia, 2014-2015

Emerg Infect Dis. 2016 Feb;22(2):169-77. doi: 10.3201/eid2202.151456.


The severe epidemic of Ebola virus disease in Liberia started in March 2014. On May 9, 2015, the World Health Organization declared Liberia free of Ebola, 42 days after safe burial of the last known case-patient. However, another 6 cases occurred during June-July; on September 3, 2015, the country was again declared free of Ebola. Liberia had by then reported 10,672 cases of Ebola and 4,808 deaths, 37.0% and 42.6%, respectively, of the 28,103 cases and 11,290 deaths reported from the 3 countries that were heavily affected at that time. Essential components of the response included government leadership and sense of urgency, coordinated international assistance, sound technical work, flexibility guided by epidemiologic data, transparency and effective communication, and efforts by communities themselves. Priorities after the epidemic include surveillance in case of resurgence, restoration of health services, infection control in healthcare settings, and strengthening of basic public health systems.

Keywords: Ebola; Ebola virus disease; Liberia; epidemic; health systems; hemorrhagic fever; outbreak; public health; response; viruses.

Publication types

  • Historical Article

MeSH terms

  • Disease Management
  • Health Communication
  • Health Personnel
  • Hemorrhagic Fever, Ebola / diagnosis
  • Hemorrhagic Fever, Ebola / epidemiology*
  • Hemorrhagic Fever, Ebola / history
  • Hemorrhagic Fever, Ebola / prevention & control*
  • History, 21st Century
  • Humans
  • Liberia / epidemiology
  • Patient Isolation
  • Population Surveillance