Screening for Depression in Adults: US Preventive Services Task Force Recommendation Statement

JAMA. 2016 Jan 26;315(4):380-7. doi: 10.1001/jama.2015.18392.


Description: Update of the 2009 US Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommendation on screening for depression in adults.

Methods: The USPSTF reviewed the evidence on the benefits and harms of screening for depression in adult populations, including older adults and pregnant and postpartum women; the accuracy of depression screening instruments; and the benefits and harms of depression treatment in these populations.

Population: This recommendation applies to adults 18 years and older.

Recommendation: The USPSTF recommends screening for depression in the general adult population, including pregnant and postpartum women. Screening should be implemented with adequate systems in place to ensure accurate diagnosis, effective treatment, and appropriate follow-up. (B recommendation).

Publication types

  • Practice Guideline
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Advisory Committees*
  • Aged
  • Antidepressive Agents, Second-Generation / adverse effects
  • Depression / diagnosis*
  • Depression / therapy
  • Depression, Postpartum / diagnosis*
  • Depression, Postpartum / therapy
  • Early Diagnosis
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Pregnancy
  • Risk Assessment
  • United States


  • Antidepressive Agents, Second-Generation