[Superficial mycoses--analysis of mycological examinations from Mycology Laboratory in Krakow in years 2010-2014]

Przegl Lek. 2015;72(5):253-6.
[Article in Polish]

Abstract

Introduction: Superficial fungal infections are a major epidemiological issue with increasing prevalence. Mycological examination is crucial for proper diagnosis. The aim of this study was to determine the epidemiological and etiological factors of superficial fungal infections in Malopolska and the incidence of superficial fungal infections in relation to sex and age.

Materials and methods: We analyzed 4608 results of mycological examinations taken from patients in 2010-2014 in Mycology Laboratory in Krakow. Materials were collected from affected areas: nails, skin of feet and hands, the smooth skin and hairy skin. The material was examined directly and cultured.

Results: Among 4608 collected materials culture was positive in 1765 cases. Dermatophytes were the most common isolates (865; 49%), followed by yeasts (702; 39.8%) and non-dermatophytic molds (161; 9.1%). There were 37 (2.1%) co-infections. Trichophyton rubrum (745; 86%) and Trichophyton mentagrophytes (90; 10%) were the most prevalent species among dermatophytes. Dermatophyte infections occurred significantly more frequent in males, whereas yeast and non-dermatophytic molds in females.

Conclusions: The type, and change in etiological factors of fungal infections in patients is a reflection of social behavior modification and changes in the ecosystem of the region and may be an indication for the sanitary-epidemiological actions.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • English Abstract

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Age Factors
  • Aged
  • Arthrodermataceae / isolation & purification*
  • Dermatomycoses / epidemiology*
  • Dermatomycoses / microbiology*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Incidence
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Nails / microbiology*
  • Poland
  • Prevalence
  • Sex Factors
  • Skin / microbiology*
  • Yeasts / isolation & purification*
  • Young Adult