E3 Ubiquitin ligase RNF183 Is a Novel Regulator in Inflammatory Bowel Disease

J Crohns Colitis. 2016 Jun;10(6):713-25. doi: 10.1093/ecco-jcc/jjw023. Epub 2016 Jan 27.


Background and aims: Specific members of the RING finger [RNF] protein family serve as E3 ubiquitin ligases and play important roles in the regulation of inflammation. However, their roles in the pathogenesis of inflammatory bowel disease [IBD] have not been explored.

Methods: Genomic microarray of inflamed colon samples from Crohn's disease [CD] patients was performed to identify potential up-regulated genes. Expression of the identified highly up-regulated RNF183 gene was subsequently examined by quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction [qRT-PCR], western blotting and immunohistochemistry of the intestinal tissues of IBD patients and the colons of trinitrobenzene sulphonic acid [TNBS]-induced colitic mice. RNF183-mediated interaction with the NF-κB pathway and ubiquitination of IκBα were examined by siRNA, plasmid transfection, and immunoprecipitation. The miRNA predicted to target RNF183 was explored and its role in the RNF183/ NF-κB pathway was investigated.

Results: RNF183 was up-regulated in intestinal epithelial cells in IBD patients and in colitic mice. RNF183 promoted intestinal inflammation via the activation of the NF-κB pathway by increasing the ubiquitination and degradation of IκBα. Computational analysis identified putative binding of miR-7 to RNF183. Transfection of intestinal cells with a miR-7 mimic or inhibitor confirmed its negative regulatory effect on RNF183 expression and ubiquitination of IκBα. miR-7 was down-regulated in inflamed colon tissues of IBD patients and colitic mice.

Conclusions: RNF183, which is negatively regulated by miR-7, is a novel regulator promoting intestinal inflammation by increasing the ubiquitination and degradation of IκBα, thereby inducing NF-κB activation. The interaction between RNF183-mediated ubiquitination and miRNA may be an important novel epigenetic mechanism in the pathogenesis of IBD.

Keywords: Inflammatory bowel disease; Intestinal inflammation; NF-κB; RNF183; TNF-α; Infliximab; microRNA-7.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Animals
  • Biomarkers / metabolism
  • Blotting, Western
  • Case-Control Studies
  • Colitis / chemically induced
  • Colitis / enzymology
  • Colitis / genetics
  • Colitis / pathology
  • Colon / enzymology*
  • Colon / pathology
  • Crohn Disease / enzymology*
  • Crohn Disease / genetics
  • Crohn Disease / pathology
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Immunohistochemistry
  • Male
  • Mice
  • Mice, Inbred BALB C
  • MicroRNAs / metabolism
  • Middle Aged
  • NF-KappaB Inhibitor alpha / metabolism
  • NF-kappa B / metabolism
  • Oligonucleotide Array Sequence Analysis
  • Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction
  • Trinitrobenzenesulfonic Acid
  • Ubiquitin-Protein Ligases / genetics
  • Ubiquitin-Protein Ligases / metabolism*
  • Up-Regulation*
  • Young Adult


  • Biomarkers
  • MIRN7 microRNA, human
  • MIRN7 microRNA, mouse
  • MicroRNAs
  • NF-kappa B
  • NF-KappaB Inhibitor alpha
  • Trinitrobenzenesulfonic Acid
  • RNF183 protein, human
  • RNF183 protein, mouse
  • Ubiquitin-Protein Ligases