Acetylome analysis reveals the involvement of lysine acetylation in biosynthesis of antibiotics in Bacillus amyloliquefaciens

Sci Rep. 2016 Jan 29;6:20108. doi: 10.1038/srep20108.


Lysine acetylation is a major post-translational modification that plays an important regulatory role in almost every aspects in both eukaryotes and prokaryotes. Bacillus amyloliquefaciens, a Gram-positive bacterium, is very effective for the control of plant pathogens. However, very little is known about the function of lysine acetylation in this organism. Here, we conducted the first lysine acetylome in B. amyloliquefaciens through a combination of highly sensitive immune-affinity purification and high-resolution LC-MS/MS. Overall, we identified 3268 lysine acetylation sites in 1254 proteins, which account for 32.9% of the total proteins in this bacterium. Till date, this is the highest ratio of acetylated proteins that have been identified in bacteria. Acetylated proteins are associated with a variety of biological processes and a large fraction of these proteins are involved in metabolism. Interestingly, for the first time, we found that about 71.1% (27/38) and 78.6% (22/28) of all the proteins tightly related to the synthesis of three types of pepketides and five families of lipopeptides were acetylated, respectively. These findings suggest that lysine acetylation plays a critical role in the regulation of antibiotics biosynthesis. These data serves as an important resource for further elucidation of the physiological role of lysine acetylation in B. amyloliquefaciens.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Acetylation
  • Anti-Bacterial Agents / biosynthesis*
  • Bacillus amyloliquefaciens / genetics
  • Bacillus amyloliquefaciens / metabolism*
  • Bacterial Proteins / genetics
  • Bacterial Proteins / metabolism*
  • Lysine / genetics
  • Lysine / metabolism
  • Protein Processing, Post-Translational / physiology*


  • Anti-Bacterial Agents
  • Bacterial Proteins
  • Lysine