Pyridoxal 5'-phosphate (PLP) biosynthesis is essential for the survival and virulence of Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb). PLP functions as a cofactor for 58 putative PLP-binding proteins encoded by the Mtb genome and could also act as a potential antioxidant. De novo biosynthesis of PLP in Mtb takes place through the 'deoxyxylulose 5'-phosphate (DXP)-independent' pathway, whereas PdxH enzymes, possessing pyridoxine/pyridoxamine 5'-phosphate oxidase (PNPOx) activity, are involved in the PLP salvage pathway. In this study, we demonstrate that the annotated PdxH enzymes from various mycobacterial species are bona fide members of the classical PNPOx enzyme family, capable of producing PLP using both pyridoxine 5'-phosphate (PNP) and pyridoxamine 5'-phosphate (PMP) substrates.
Keywords: flavin mononucleotide; mycobacteria; pyridoxal 5′-phosphate; pyridoxine/pyridoxamine 5′-phosphate oxidase; salvage pathway.
© 2016 Federation of European Biochemical Societies.