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, 61 (2), 167-75

E-cigarette Use Among Serbian Adults: Prevalence and User Characteristics


E-cigarette Use Among Serbian Adults: Prevalence and User Characteristics

Biljana Kilibarda et al. Int J Public Health.


Objectives: The objective was to report the prevalence and characteristics of electronic cigarette (e-cigarette) users in order to inform an appropriate response to this emerging challenge in tobacco control.

Methods: Data were drawn from a cross-sectional survey conducted in 2014 that used computer-assisted interviewing in a representative sample of 5385 Serbian adults age 18-64 years.

Results: Lifetime e-cigarette use and current use was reported by 9.6 and 2 % of adults, respectively. Younger adults had a higher prevalence of both lifetime and current use. Females were more likely to be current e-cigarette users than males. The majority of ever and current e-cigarette users were current or past cigarette smokers, but lifetime use was reported by non-smokers as well.

Conclusions: Electronic cigarettes are popular in Serbia; one in ten adults had tried them at least once. Because females and young adults were more likely to use e-cigarettes, a targeted response in these specific groups is needed. A standardised methodology for monitoring e-cigarette use should be established and surveys exploring motives for and attitudes towards e-cigarettes use should be conducted.

Keywords: E-cigarette; Electronic cigarette; Prevalence; Socio-demographic correlates.

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