Visual detection of Ebola virus using reverse transcription loop-mediated isothermal amplification combined with nucleic acid strip detection

Arch Virol. 2016 May;161(5):1125-33. doi: 10.1007/s00705-016-2763-5. Epub 2016 Jan 30.


Ebola virus (species Zaire ebolavirus) (EBOV) is highly virulent in humans. The largest recorded outbreak of Ebola hemorrhagic fever in West Africa to date was caused by EBOV. Therefore, it is necessary to develop a detection method for this virus that can be easily distributed and implemented. In the current study, we developed a visual assay that can detect EBOV-associated nucleic acids. This assay combines reverse transcription loop-mediated isothermal amplification and nucleic acid strip detection (RT-LAMP-NAD). Nucleic acid amplification can be achieved in a one-step process at a constant temperature (58 °C, 35 min), and the amplified products can be visualized within 2-5 min using a nucleic acid strip detection device. The assay is capable of detecting 30 copies of artificial EBOV glycoprotein (GP) RNA and RNA encoding EBOV GP from 10(2) TCID50 recombinant viral particles per ml with high specificity. Overall, the RT-LAMP-NAD method is simple and has high sensitivity and specificity; therefore, it is especially suitable for the rapid detection of EBOV in African regions.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Ebolavirus* / genetics
  • Hemorrhagic Fever, Ebola / diagnosis*
  • Humans
  • Nucleic Acid Amplification Techniques / methods*
  • RNA, Viral / genetics
  • RNA, Viral / isolation & purification
  • Reverse Transcription
  • Sensitivity and Specificity
  • Sequence Alignment


  • RNA, Viral