Episodic Excessive Blinking in Children

J Pediatr Ophthalmol Strabismus. 2016 Jan-Feb;53(1):22-4. doi: 10.3928/01913913-20150929-18.

Abstract

Purpose: Many children present with excessive blinking. Categorization, associated conditions, and prognosis are controversial.

Methods: All children with excessive blinking were reviewed, excluding those with known uveitis, glaucoma, or obvious eyelid abnormalities. Parents were telephoned for follow-up.

Results: No ocular pathology was identified in 31 of 34 children with excessive blinking (91%). Parents were able to report a specific cause of blinking in 7 (21%). In 24 of 34 (71%), parents reported complete resolution of excessive blinking. No new ophthalmologic diagnoses were uncovered on follow-up.

Conclusions: Episodes of excessive blinking rarely indicate neurologic disorders and frequently resolve spontaneously.

MeSH terms

  • Blepharospasm / diagnosis
  • Blepharospasm / etiology*
  • Blepharospasm / physiopathology
  • Blinking*
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Conjunctivitis, Allergic / complications
  • Conjunctivitis, Allergic / diagnosis
  • Conjunctivitis, Allergic / physiopathology
  • Dystonic Disorders / complications*
  • Dystonic Disorders / diagnosis
  • Dystonic Disorders / physiopathology
  • Facial Muscles / pathology
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Male