Pulmonary hypertension and related pulmonary vascular diseases cause significant morbidities and high mortality and present many unique challenges toward improving outcomes in neonates, infants, and children. Differences between pediatric and adult disease are reflected in controversies regarding etiologies, classification, epidemiology, diagnostic evaluations, and therapeutic interventions. This brief review highlights several key topics reflecting recent advances in the field and identifies persistent gaps in our understanding of clinical pediatric pulmonary hypertension.
Keywords: pediatric cardiology; pediatric pulmonary; pulmonary hypertension.
Copyright © 2016 American College of Chest Physicians. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.